October 29, 2020
There's no question that CBD is the wellness product of the moment. According to the 2018 Farm Bill, legislators made CBD legal in all 50 states and can be shipped anywhere in the U.S. Coffee shops sell CBD lattes, spas offer CBD facials, beauty companies are rushing to release lotions with CBD or hemp oils in their formulas. And everyone from your anxious coworker to your arthritis-suffering dad wants to get their hands on some CBD topicals.
But even though it's infiltrating pretty much every corner of the wellness world many people still find CBD a little confusing—especially when it comes to figuring out the right way to use it and how to make sure the stuff you're buying is, you know, actually legit. Below, we asked experts to answer the most pressing questions about CBD.
WHAT IS CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring plant compound found in the flower of cannabis, a plant with a rich history as a medicine going back thousands of years. Today, the therapeutic properties of CBD are being tested and confirmed by scientists and doctors around the world.
CBD should not be confused with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound that causes the “high” that cannabis is famous for. “Full spectrum” CBD products may contain THC. That is why Alpha Therapeutics offers “broad spectrum” CBD products that do not contain any THC to ensure you never feel impaired.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
The endocannabinoid system is a complex biological system in the human body. Medical researchers discovered it in the 1990s, but much is still unknown about how it works and its interactions. Today, experts know that it impacts several major processes, including appetite, sleep, mood, and memory, but there is much more yet to be discovered.
The endocannabinoid system has three components: receptors, enzymes, and endocannabinoids. These parts function regardless of whether someone uses CBD or not.
Receptors exist throughout the body and are a substance to which endocannabinoids bind;
Enzymes appear in many forms, but only two types of enzymes break down endocannabinoids; and
Endocannabinoids complement the body by keeping internal functions running smoothly.
There are two types of receptors: CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are primarily in the central nervous system and are responsible for governing coordination, movement, pain, appetite, memory, mood, and other functions. The CB2 receptors are in the peripheral nervous system, influencing pain, and inflammation.
After the enzymes break down the cannabinoids, the endocannabinoids look to bind with receptors. Researchers believe that CBD does not directly attach itself to the receptor but influences it in some way. Activating these receptors is what allows for many of the health benefits that people associate with the compound.
CBD can also influence non-cannabinoid receptors. According to Teaera Roland of Lotus Health, CBD modulates the 5ht serotonin receptor, which can treat psychotic disorders. It can also affect the TRPV1 receptor, which is responsible for pain and inflammation.
CBD plays a significant role when relieving pain. When the CBD influences the TRPV1, it is effectively blocking pain signals from reaching the rest of the body. The inference provides solace from aches, swelling, and discomfort.
CBD is one of many cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. The compound has a wide range of potential benefits, especially helpful for stress, anxiety, depression, epilepsy, pain, and inflammation.
While CBD is generally considered safe, the United States does not regulate all aspects of it on the federal level. For instance, the government does not confirm or approve the purity of ingredients from manufacturers. The CBD industry has far outpaced scientific research when it comes to claims regarding health benefits, too.
Understanding what CBD does in the body is the first step to responsible usage. While there are unknowns, the compound is a viable form of treatment.
For any questions or concerns about CBD, contact your primary care physician.
To learn more, go to https://www.healtheuropa.eu/cbd-understanding-how-cbd-works-with-our-bodies/96718/
October 25, 2020
CBGA is the chemical precursor to CBD, referred to as the "stem cell" of the plant, and plays a pivotal role in the biochemistry of the cannabis plant. During the flowering cycle, cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) can be converted into cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), the precursor of CBD, by enzymes. Once this phase is complete, the plant only contains trace amounts of CBGA, which can be decarboxylated into CBG. To capture large amounts of CBG, you must harvest young cannabis plants.
CBG interacts with both the CB1 and CB2 receptors. CBG has demonstrated an ability to increase anandamide, commonly referred to as the “bliss molecule,” an endogenous cannabinoid that helps regulate a wide range of bodily functions, including appetite, sleep, mood, and the immune system without the impairing effects of THC.